Whey Protein Ingestion Enhances Postprandial Anabolism during Short-Term Bed Rest in Young Men

Raffaella Antonione4, Elena Caliandro4, Francesca Zorat4, Gianfranco Guarnieri4, Martina Heer5 and Gianni Biolo4,* 4 Department of Clinical, Technological and Morphological Sciences, Division of Internal Medicine, University of Trieste, I-34149 Trieste, Italy and 5 German Space Agency-Institute of Aerospace Medicine, D-51147 Cologne, Germany

We tested the relative ability of rapidly digested whey and slowly digested casein to stimulate net whole-body protein synthesis during prolonged physical inactivity. We studied 8 young male volunteers after they consumed isonitrogenous casein or whey mixed meals on d 12 or d 14 of experimental bed rest. Rates of phenylalanine hydroxylation were measured by primed-constant oral administration of L[2-2H2]tyrosine and L[ring-2H5]phenylalanine for 3 h in the postabsorptive state and 6 h after an isonitrogenous bolus meal containing sucrose (0.27 g/kg) and casein or whey (0.40 g/kg). Net protein synthesis in the fed state was calculated during the first 6 h postmeal as the difference between phenylalanine hydroxylation and phenylalanine content in the ingested casein or whey. In the fed state, the integrated changes in phenylalanine hydroxylation were lower (P < 0.05) after whey (–2 &plusmn; 8 &micro;mol•kg–1•6 h–1) than after casein ingestion (34 &plusmn; 7 &micro;mol•kg–1•6 h–1). During bed rest, net postprandial protein synthesis was greater (P < 0.05) after whey (96 &plusmn; 8 &micro;mol phenylalanine•kg–1•6 h–1) than after casein ingestion (82 &plusmn; 7 &micro;mol phenylalanine•kg–1•6 h–1). The rapidly digested whey protein was more efficient than the slowly digested casein in increasing postprandial net protein synthesis during short-term bed rest.

Źródło: http://jn.nutrition.org/cgi/content/abstract/138/11/2212